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Pets on Home & Family

1 of 11
Safety Tips for Caring for a Deaf Pet

1. Have your pet wear an ID tag that reads, "(pet's name) is deaf," along with your name and phone number.
2. Train your pet with hand signals.
3. Keep pet leashed when outside home. 4. Enroll in obedience class. To determine if your pet is deaf: If you are concerned your pet may be deaf, take him or her to the veterinarian for a baer (brainstem auditory evoked response) test to determine extent of hearing loss. Interested in adding a deaf pet to your family? Reach out to these organizations: Deaf Dogs Rock deafdogsrock.com
Deaf Dane Rescue, Inc. Gracieland.org
Adopt a Spot Dalmatian Rescue Inc. http://adoptaspotdalrescue.com
Aussie Rescue and Placement Helpline, Inc. http://www.aussierescue.org
Petfinder www.petfinder.com

To learn more about Hallmark Channel's Pet Project, visit www.hallmarkchannel.com/petproject.

Please visit "The Fairy Dogmother" Laura Nativo at: www.lauranativo.com
Twitter: @LauraNativo
Facebook: Facebook.com/LauraNativo
Instagram: Instagram.com/LauraNativo

Get more great recipes and crafts by visiting us on Pinterest at pinterest.com/homeandfamilytv and follow "Home & Family" on Twitter @homeandfamilytv and Facebook. Plus, check out our YouTube channel for backstage videos.

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Eco-Friendly Pet Products for Cats and Dogs

Molly Mutt Dog Beds
Use old shirts and blankets to stuff your dog bed
www.mollymutt.com

Swhweat Scoop Cat Litter
Natural and flushable alternative to dangerous clay litter
www.swheatscoop.com/

Cycle Dog
Collars made of old bicycle tubes
www.cycle-dog.com

Tipsy Nip Cat Toys
Natural handmade cat toys
http://tipsynip.com/

West Paw Design
Eco toys, beds, bones, and other fun items
www.westpawdesign.com

3 Green Dogs Supplements
Pet vitamins made and sourced in the USA
www.3greendogsvitamins.com

Organic Oscar
Green grooming products made of all natural ingredients
www.organicoscar.com

Zero Waste Poop Bags
Biodegradable pet waste bags
www.zerowasteusa.com/

Laura Nativo Green Pet Products

*GIVEAWAY: Go to @HomeFamInsider and retweet the #Litterspinner tweet to win a new Litter Spinner for your Cat!

Litter Spinners Courtesy of Smart Pet Choice: litterspinner.com

Adoptable Dogs Courtesy of Marley's Mutts marleysmutts.com

Adoptable Kittens Courtesy of Kitty Bungalow Charm School for Wayward Cats kittybungalow.org

For more with "The Fairy Dog-Mother" Laura Nativo, visit her at lauranativo.com.

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Creating "Pet Nooks" With Karen "Doc" Halligan, DVM

What are some things we should be aware of when creating a pet nook in our home?
Orthopedic beds are kinder on the joints for the dog. It should be in a place where there aren't things that are dangerous to them. If you have a door so the pet can go outside and get exercise itself, that's ideal. Most dogs don't get exercised enough. Have a little TV or radio in there for them. Classical music calms them down and can make them less anxious. Stimulate them mentally or physically and they will be much happier and less destructive.
Are there certain things we should make sure are in our pet nook?
Fresh water, puzzle toy (you have a treat in them like Milkbones and they have to figure out how to get the treat out of it). They have all different sizes and shapes. It helps relieve boredom with dogs because the nightly walk isn't enough. I'm a big believer in crate training your dog. Have a crate in there so they can go in their den and feel safe in there. Have the bed outside the crate. They also have aromatherapy specifically for dogs and you can plug that in the room as well and put some music on. Brushing them is really important. They should be brushed daily if they have a coat. Keep them in their pet nook with a baby gate if you want. Have towels or blankets in the crate.
What should we keep away from our pet area?
Cords, household cleaning products, and plants that are dangerous for dogs. Make sure you don't have any of your prescription medicine or the dog's prescription medication out where the dogs can get them. They can and will eat an entire bottle. You want to make sure that none of that stuff is left around.
Are there ways we can use treats to incentivize our pets to behave?
The treats can be used as positive reinforcements and they can enhance the connection between you and your dog and show your dog you love them. Milkbones are good and they are a safe and healthy treat. Treats should be less than 10% of their daily diet. Dogs love routine and you can establish one where every night before bed they get a treat.

Dr. Karen Halligan's Dog Nook

To learn more from Karen "Doc" Halligan, DVM, visit dochalligan.com.

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Making your house pet safe with Laura Nativo, the Fairy Dogmother!

Making your house pet safe with Laura Nativo, "The Fairy Dogmother!"

1. Protecting our pets from hidden hazards in the home is one of the most important jobs for a pet parent!

2. Rule #1 - get down on all fours! Look at your home through your pet's eyes to check for dangers you may not otherwise think of!

3. Kitchen - securing trash, making sure that any roast strings or bones or pits are not accessible... keeping dirty knives off the counter and locked in the dishwasher... locking any cleaning supplies away in the cabinet...

4. Living Room - having a toy box where your dog is allowed to freely explore... making sure your smoke detector and carbon monoxide detector are working properly... keep tv or computer wires neatly bundled out of your dogs reach... be careful of ungrounded outlets... train your pets not to eat or lick (or pee on!) house plants.

5. Bathroom - keeping the toilet seat down... don't have an open trash container... make sure OTC & prescription medicines are secure in a drawer...

6. Bedroom - keep laundry out of reach, as dogs may ingest socks, underpants or any other "stinky" human clothing.

7. Garage - Keep chemicals, fertilizers and especially antifreeze up on a high shelf! Antifreeze is tempting to dogs because it tastes sweet... be warned, it may cause kidney failure if ingested!

8. When in doubt, train your dog to use a crate, or section off parts of your house with a pet gate to keep your animals safe!

For more Animal Lifestyle Advice, visit Laura Nativo at: www.lauranativo.com

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Disaster Kits For Your Pet with Laura Nativo

What kind of plan should you formulate in case of emergency?

  • Laura says talking to your neighbors and exchanging phone numbers and asking them to please check on your dogs is key. Exchanging keys with people you trust so they can check on your pets if you're not home.
  • Making sure that you are familiar with pet-friendly hotels and motels and knowing a couple of different options of where you can go in case a shelter doesn't allow pets in different areas.
  • Taking note before a disaster happens of your pets habits. Knowing where they go when they are scared is crucial, so you can tell your neighbors where to look if they come to check on your pets and your pets are hiding.
  • You should also have an emergency sticker in the window of your home that tells someone there are pets inside and to please rescue them. They should be on all the main doors in the house.

What is the most important thing we can do in case we're separated from our pets during a natural disaster?

  • Laura says that identification is key. Your pets should be micro-chipped, have tags, and all the information should be up to date. Make sure there is a second number that is associated with your pet in case your landline goes down or your house is flattened. There needs to be a second way someone can reach you.
  • Also make sure you have current photos of your pet in case you need to put them up online.

For more information on Strangest Angels Animal Rescue and the dogs available for adoption, go to strangestangels.org.

Please visit pet expert Laura Nativo at Facebook.com/lauranativo.

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DIY Cat Tree with Laura Nativo

Materials:

  • 200 ft. 3/8" sisal rope, color of your choosing
  • One 6’ 4x4 untreated plywood post
  • Four 14" utility shelf brackets
  • Four 5" utility shelf brackets
  • Four 18" untreated plywood rounds
  • One 3’ diameter untreated plywood rounds
  • Untreated carpet, color of your choosing, sized the width of your boards
  • 2 yards of 3" thick Industrial/heavy duty Velcro
  • Medium-sized cup hooks
  • Wood glue
  • Drill
  • Wood screws
  • Staple gun
  • ⅜" staple gun staples

Instructions:
    First:
  1. Turn your carpet upside-down, fibers on your work surface.
  2. Place one of the 18" plywood rounds on the upside-down carpet and trace the round. Cut out carpet round and set aside. Do the same for the 3’ diameter plywood round.
  3. Screw in one-cup hook into the center of each 18" plywood round. This will be the bottom of your plywood rounds. Set aside.

Basic Tree Carpentry:

  1. Attach one 5" utility shelf bracket to each side of one end of the 4x4 plywood post using the wood screws and drill. The end you attach your 5" brackets to will be the bottom of your post.
  2. The 3’ diameter plywood round will be your base. Center the bottom of the 4 x 4 plywood post on the 3’ diameter plywood round and secure the brackets to the 3’ diameter round with the wood screws and drill. You now have your base and tree’s trunk".
  3. Place one 18" plywood round hook side up. This should be the bottom of your Cat Tree’s "leaf". Secure one 14" utility shelf bracket onto any part of the plywood round. Repeat the process with the other three 18" plywood rounds.
  4. Bracket and hook-side down, secure each 18" plywood round to the 4 x 4 post with wood screws and drill. Space them equidistant from one another.

Making the Cat Tree Trunk “Bark":

  1. Sectioning the tree by plywood round “leaves", cover the first section of the 4 x 4 post with wood glue.
  2. Starting at the bottom of the post, take one end of your sisal rope and staple it to the glue covered post with a staple gun.
  3. Wrap the sisal rope around the post, placing a staple into the wood through the sisal rope every fourth complete wrap.
  4. Continue wrapping and stapling even around the bracket until you reach the bottom of the first 18" plywood round. Place a staple through the sisal rope to the post right where it meets the 18" plywood round.
  5. Place a bead of wood glue around the edge of the 18" plywood round. Then continue affixing the sisal rope around the edge of the 18" plywood round. Place a staple in the rope every ¼ the length of the circumference of the 18" plywood round. Place a final staple when the sisal rope meets the other end of the post. Cut the sisal rope. You should need to wrap the edge of the 18" plywood round twice. Start again where the sisal rope first met the 18" plywood round edge and glue and staple again until the entire 18" plywood round is covered.
  6. Repeat the process for each section of the tree. In addition to the staples along the way, every piece of rope you use starts off and ends with a staple to keep it tightly secure.
  7. Place a final staple where the sisal rope meets the top of the post and cut the rope.

Making the Cat Tree “Leaves":

  1. Cut 3 strips of your 3" wide Velcro the length of the middle of your 18" Velcro rounds for each plywood round. That will total 12 strips.
  2. There are two sides to Velcro; a male side (the side with plastic “teeth") and the female side (the soft “fuzzy" side).
  3. Remove the backing to the adhesive to the male side and adhere it to the top of each of the 18" plywood rounds and press firmly.
  4. Remove the backing to the adhesive to the female side and adhere it to the bottom of the small carpet rounds you have cut out. Make sure you place the female side of the Velcro to the carpet and not the plywood rounds. If you need to wash the carpet for any reason, it’s the female side of the Velcro that should go in the wash and the dryer, not the male side.
  5. Cut a 4" x 4" hole in the center of your 3’ diameter carpet square and repeat the Velcro process for your base.
  6. Hang cat toys from the hooks on the bottom of the plywood round “leaves". Cats enjoy any toy with strings, shiny attributes, etc… you can even hang catnip toys from the hooks. Change toys and carpet squares out as they wear down.


Find The Fairy Dog Mother at www.lauranativo.com, one Facebook at Facebook.com/LauraNativo and follow her on Twitter @LauraNativo!

Kitty Bungalow has the forever friend you are looking for! Adopt Plucky, Salon, and Barber or any of the other wonderful pets looking for forever families, go to kittybungalow.org or email them kittybungalow@gmail.com.

And make sure you catch the Kitten Bowl, only on Hallmark Channel!

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Caring For Senior Pets

The Weekly Once-Over
When performing your weekly at-home exam, you want to take a systematic approach and do it the same way every time so you don't miss anything. Also, make it fun!!!
Face
Dogs and cats get many of the same diseases that we do, including cataracts, glaucoma, conjunctivitis, and dry eye, but if caught in the early stages, many of these conditions can be prevented from progressing and your pet's eyesight could even be saved. Cats and dogs can even develop tumors in the eyes, so look closely with a good light. Both pupils should be the same size and the eyes should be clear, bright, and shiny, not cloudy.
The whites of the eyes, or sclera, should be white, not red. Dogs and cats have what's called a “third eyelid,” which helps protect the eye as well as lubricate it by producing tears. The third eyelid should not be showing. When a cat or dog is sick or in pain, you will suddenly see this white-colored membrane covering the lower part of the eye. Lips
Some dogs that have lip folds, such as spaniels, are especially prone to inflammation and skin infections on their lips. Lip tumors can develop on both dogs and cats. Check your pet's lips to make sure there are no crusts and there is no scaling and that the skin isn't dry and cracked like your lips when they are dry. Be sure to look for redness and hair loss around the mouth as well.
Nose
It's a common fallacy that a warm nose means a dog or cat has a fever. However, the nose should be smooth and without any scaling or roughness. Sneezing or nasal discharge can be signs of an upper respiratory infection, quite common in cats. Also look for color changes on your pet's nose. There should be no loss of pigmentation on a dark nose. White noses can get sunburn and even skin cancer.
Ears
Look at your pet's ears. They should have very little odor or discharge, but a small amount of wax is normal. If you see debris, redness, hair loss, or crusting or your pet seems to be in pain when its ears are touched, it could be a sign of an ear infection. Look for abnormalities on the outside of the ears, a happy home for some parasites. Hair loss, crusting, and redness can indicate mites, allergies, or infection. Ears should be flat, not swollen. Flies will sometimes bite at the tips of dogs' ears, so carefully check along the edges.
Mouth
Notice if your pet has any trouble opening and closing its mouth. Look for any drooling or difficulty chewing and swallowing. Hopefully you're brushing your pet's teeth daily or at least three times a week. Check your dog or cat's mouth for tumors, swelling, and bleeding gums. Look at the teeth. Are they white, brown, or green? There should be no broken teeth and no odor.
Look at the color of the gums. They should be nice and pink, not white or red. You can check your pet's circulation by using your thumb and briefly applying pressure to the gums and releasing. The area that you pressed should turn white and then rapidly return to the normal pink color. This is called the capillary refill time. For dogs and cats, one to two seconds is considered normal. If the refill time is less than one second or more than three seconds, it could indicate a serious circulation problem and necessitates an immediate trip to the vet.
Lymph Nodes

Before moving to the skin, feel under your pet's throat. Dogs and cats have lymph nodes in their bodies, just like humans do. Feeling for lumps, like the doctor does to you, can help detect enlarged lymph nodes, which can be the first sign of cancer or infection in dogs and cats. Dogs that get lymphoma, a common type of cancer, will have enlarged lymph nodes that are easily felt. Other lymph nodes that are readily detectable when enlarged are located at the shoulder, under the forearm, and on the backs of the rear legs. Excessive panting or coughing is abnormal and your pet should not cough when you touch its throat. This can be a sign of a sensitive trachea or a common upper respiratory disease in dogs known as kennel cough. Skin and coat
The skin is the largest organ of the body and is also the first line of defense against disease. Look closely at your pet's skin by parting the hair in several spots or blowing gently. It should be clean and dry. Look and feel for areas of swelling, heat, scrapes, pain, hair loss, crusting, or redness. Some pets have pigmentation or freckles on their skin, which is considered normal. Now run your hands all over your pet's body, including all four legs, and lift up the tail to look for problems with the anal glands. You'd be amazed at how many animals develop tumors or infections on the underside of the tail. And don't forget to look at the tummy. Check for lumps, bumps, and growths of any sort. Look closely under the fur because small bumps can be hard to see. The most common sites for tumors to grow are on the skin, mouth, mammary glands, and lymph nodes. Check under the coat for flakes, ticks, fleas, and flea dirt—small flecks of black debris that look like black pepper. This is actually flea poop, and if you get it wet, it will turn red—pretty disgusting!
Your cat's or dog's coat should be sleek and glossy, not dull, dry, or greasy. Run your fingers through your pet's hair. There should be no buildup or odor on your hands. Also check between the toes and look at the pads. Dogs and cats can get burrs, gum, and other foreign objects lodged there. During the summer months, dogs can easily burn their pads. Proper hydration is very important. A good check to see if your pet is drinking enough water and is adequately hydrated is to gently pull up on the skin over your pet's shoulder blades, then release the skin. If your pet is hydrated, the skin will snap back quickly into position. If your dog or cat is dehydrated, it will take much longer for the skin to release; sometimes, it will even stay tented up. This can be a serious problem and requires a phone call or a trip to your vet right away. Toenails
Keep those toenails short. Dogs and cats with overgrown nails are like women in stiletto heels. Walking is very difficult, and lameness, bone, or joint problems can occur as a result. Also, the nails can grow so long that they curl under the foot, embedding into the pads or skin, which is extremely painful for your pet. Nail trims need to be done regularly, depending on how active your pet is and how fast its nails grow.
Weight
Last but not least, check for weight gain or loss. This can be crucial in determining early signs of disease or illness. Even just a few extra pounds can be significant in animals, leading to arthritis, heart disease, diabetes, and breathing difficulties. Some longhaired cats and dogs can appear healthy, when in reality they have lost weight, but because of their luxuriant coat, the loss may not be readily apparent. Catching weight loss or gain in the early stages is far better than waiting until it has progressed to something more serious that's much harder to treat.
Again, be aware of what's normal for your pet, so when changes occur, you can address them immediately by calling or visiting the vet to get the problem checked out and treated before it becomes severe. For more information, visit dochalligan.com.

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Laura Nativo's Tips on Creating a Poison Proof Home

The Fairy Dogmother Says: “Make sure you know where your closest emergency animal hospital is, and have your pet’s medical history within easy reach in case of an emergency. If you think your pet may have ingested something harmful, take action immediately. Contact your veterinarian or Pet Poison Helpline at 1-800-213-6680.”

Signs that your pet may have been poisoned: Same as in humans: vomiting, diarrhea, drooling/hyper salivating, nausea, coughing of blood, vomiting blood, pale gums, a racing heart rate, weakness or lethargy, collapse, excessive thirst or urination, absence or decreased urination. For a complete list visit www.petpoisonhelpline.com. You know your pet. If you know there is something wrong, get them to an emergency clinic immediately.

Another resource for all First Aid needs for your pet is The American Red Cross Pet First Aid App. It puts lifesaving information right in the hands of dog and cat owners so they can provide emergency care until veterinary assistance is available. Look for it on the Red Cross website, RedCross.org.

Laura Nativo’s Tips on Keeping Your Home Poison Proofed for Your Pets In the Kitchen: The kitchen is a hotbed of poisons that we don’t think about. Most people store their cleansers under their sink. Just like a parent would baby proof the cabinets to reduce the chance of their child getting a hold of cleansers, you can do that for your pet, as well. I suggest installing a baby-proofing latch on cabinets where dogs can get into dishwashing detergents, powdered industrial cleansers, or oven cleaners.

The Laundry Room: Think about all of those chemicals. You have laundry detergent, fabric softener, stain removal, and bleach! Many of these items are scented to be appealing to us. They will be appealing to pets, too! If you have your chemicals above in a cabinet you are half way there. If you have a set up like we do, where the chemicals are pet level, make sure the most harmful ones are on the highest rack. Regardless of where you store your chemicals, you need to make sure your pet cant get into the containers. Liquids will usually has a tighter seal, so that if a bottle happens to fall, it’s less likely that there will be a spill. For the cardboard powdered detergents, if the cardboard box falls, the opening is usually just punched in, detergent will spill out. I recommend storing them in Plastic Storage Containers.

The Garage: It is one of the more dangerous rooms. There is motor oil, antifreeze, rat poisons, snail poisons, and fertilizer. You car can leak any of its fluids. Make sure your car is in tiptop shape to avoid leakage. Store all of your chemicals on shelving out of access to your pet. For liquids, secure them with a plastic bag. If the packaging starts to leak or gets knocked over, the liquid will stay in the plastic covering. Lastly, think about your pest control. Aside from chemicals, there are traps that can hurt your pet. If you set a rattrap, make sure it is out of the reach of paws. If you have chemical cockroach motels, keep it out of reach as well.

Teach Your Dog "Leave It": There are many dogs that just go right after whatever is dropped before their owner can keep it from them. That could be dangerous when it comes to dropping a poisonous substance like, for example, medications. That’s why it’s important to use the “Leave It” command. The ASPCA has a fantastic tutorial that I recommend: www.aspca.org.

Find The Fairy Dog Mother at www.lauranativo.com and follow her on Twitter @LauraNativo.

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At Home Pet Physicals with Dr. Ryan Sinclair
Things we should be looking for while doing a physical
1. Hair and flecks
• Depending on the breed, the coat should be shiny and lustrous.
• Important: Look for evidence of fleas, flea dirt, hot spot (inflamed or infected skin) masses, etc. • If you don't see any fleas remember that flea eggs, and larva are microscopic – you can't see those with the naked eye. • Use flea prevention every month. • Flecks - dry skin; consider skin supplements like omega 6 fatty acids for skin. (Also consider omega-3) It's not that simple because you have to base these ratios on their diet as a whole.

2. How to feel for a pulse

• Use two fingers just like you would if you were taking your own pulse. Place them on the inside of the dog's thigh and move up until you hit the abdomen. Move your fingers back and forth until you feel the femoral artery pulsing beneath your finger. There you go! Now count the number of pulses in 15 seconds and multiply by 4 or you count over 30 seconds and multiply by 2. • Normals for dogs 60 – 160bpm. Bigger dogs and athletic dogs will have lower numbers. • Cats on the other hand will be as high as 130-180. A relaxed cat may have a slower pulse. • Just like with yourself, the pulse may be elevated if your pet has just exercised, or if he is stressed, or he's excited to play. Don't use the pulse rate as the sole determinant of whether your pet is healthy.
Abnormal:

• Too rapid or too slow. • Pulse is weak, irregular, or hard to locate.

3. Feel the lymph nodes

• Feeling lymph nodes shouldn't be easy. • They should be small and inconspicuous. • If you put your hand in an area of a lymph node and it feels like someone implanted a large marble under the skin then you may need to see your vet. • It's similar to feeling your own lymph nodes. • Show them where some lymph nodes are. • (There are many more places, but here are at least three places that you can feel for them)

4. Teeth brushing for your dog

It's so important to know the normals!
Normal

• Teeth are clean and white. • Gums are pink. • CRT – (capillary refill time) Press, hold and watch. If color refills in less than 2 seconds then that's excellent.
Things to watch for
• Tartar accumulation around the base of the teeth.
• The gums are red, pale, inflamed, or sore in appearance.

5. Wet vs. dry nose

• Very common question • Dry nose my mean nothing at all. • Wet noses give better sense of smell. Differences in large and small dogs
1. Resting heart rate
• Cats: 100 to 160 beats per minute (bpm). A relaxed cat may have a slower pulse.
• Dogs: 60 to 160 bpm. Relaxed or athletic dogs tend to have slower heart rates. • Pulse is easily palpated, strong, and regular.
2. Feeling the abdomen

• Touch and feel (palpate) the stomach. • Start just behind the ribs and gently press your hands into the abdomen, feeling for abnormalities. • If your pet has just eaten, you may be able to feel an enlargement in the left part of the abdomen just under the ribs. Proceed toward the rear of the body, passing your hands gently over the abdomen. • Good to do this frequently so you know normals.
Normal

• No lumps, bumps, or masses. • No discomfort on palpation. • No distension of the abdominal wall.
Abnormal

• Any lump, bump, or mass may be abnormal. • Palpation causes groaning or difficulty breathing. Any evidence or indication of pain is a serious finding. Use caution to avoid being bitten. • The abdomen feels hard or tense and it appears distended. • Any pain felt during an abdominal palpation could be a problem. See your vet. 3. Periodontal disease in toy dogs
• Smaller breeds are more prone than larger because the teeth are closer together in small dogs, and they usually live longer. Terriers, Maltese, and Shih Tzus are especially prone to periodontal disease.
4. Dogs hide symptoms when stressed
• Important to know the normals because when they come to the vet's office many times they will act totally normal.
• Instinct tells pets not to show any signs of weakness. • Stress hormones like cortisol and norepinephrine increase heart rate, blood pressure and breathing rate but they also shut down other processes like pain. • Most vets already know that almost every patient they see is masking their symptoms, so we rely on you for an accurate assessment of what is going on at home. Keep your pets healthy with more tips from Dr. Courtney Campbell at www.animalmedcenter.com and on twitter @drcourtneydvm.
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Dog CPR with Dr. Courtney Campbell

What’s The First Thing You Need To Check For When Administering Dog CPR?
Make sure your pet is actually unconscious. If you administer CPR unnecessarily, you could stop their heart. Talk to your pet or call your pet’s name. Attempt to awaken your pet. Check for breathing. – Place your hand on your pet see if the chest rises or falls. Check for pulses on the inside of the thigh (femoral), and on top of the paw (pedal pulse).
What Are The Abc’s Of Dog CPR?
A = Airway – Extend the head and neck and pull tongue forward. There may be food or a bone stuck in the back of the airway. Be careful if you are going to attempt to remove it. And don’t try and remove the Adam’s apple! That feels like a hard bone in the back of the throat. Some animals will start breathing again simply with this motion of pulling on the neck and tongue to clear the airway.

B = Breathing - Mouth to snout. Very difficult to get an air-tight seal. So pull the lips tightly down and blow into your dog or cat’s nose. Use both hands. Watch the chest expand. Give two breaths if you are all by yourself. Give a breath every 3 – 5 seconds. (Longer intervals between breaths with the larger breeds) The breaths should last about a full 2 seconds.

C = Circulation – This is the most important. Even if you give good breaths, oxygenated lungs can’t do anything without blood flow. Blood flow to the heart is the most important to survive. Depress the chest ⅓ of its width and allow it to recoil sufficiently between compressions.

How Do You Perform CPR On A Small Dog?
For small dogs and cats., use one hand or use both hands, like bellows from a blacksmith. They require 120 compressions per min.
What About A Medium To Large Sized Dog?
For medium to large dogs with keel chest (Labradors, Golden Retrievers, etc), pull the point of the elbow to the chest. That’s where the heart is and that’s where you should focus the energy of the chest compressions. Place both hands over that area. Lock your arms and place your shoulders over your hands. Use your core muscles to exert force. If you use your arms they will soon fatigue. Depress Rib cage 2- 4 inches. (In humans, it is expected part of the process to hear ribs cracking due to the force of the chest compressions). You want to aim for 80 compressions per minute. You can sing the lyrics to Stayin’ Alive by the bee Gee’s to keep you in the correct cadence.
Is CPR Different For Giant Breeds Or Breeds With Non-Traditional Body Shapes?
For Giant Breeds due the exact same procedure, except try and go to the highest point on his chest. Due to their size, it may be impossible to exert real force on the heart so use the chest as a pump instead of the heart itself. Aim for 80 compressions per minute. Barrel chested dogs (Bulldogs, Pugs, etc) Chest compressions may be more effective if they are lying on their back. Aim for 100 compressions per min.
How Many Compressions To Breaths Should You Do?
Check for breathing and pulses every 3 to 5 minutes during the period of CPR. 15 compressions to 1 breath if you are with someone and you can switch off, 30 compressions to 2 breaths if you are all by yourself.
Any Final Advice?
Remember not to panic. Your pet needs you the most in critical situations and it’s best to keep a clear head. Make sure you simulate on your stuffed animals at home. You don’t want your first time attempting CPR to be in a real-life emergency scenario.

Dog CPR with Dr. Courtney Campbell

Follow Dr. Courtney Campbell for all of your pet needs @DrCourtneyDVM!

A big “thank you” to Nasco Fort Atkinson and Simulaids, Inc., for our CPR Mannequins. You can buy your own at enasco.com.

The American Red Cross wants to empower dog and cat owners to learn how to provide emergency care until veterinary care is available by downloading the American Red Cross Pet First Aid App at Red Cross.org.

Explore the Top 5 Features of the American Red Cross Pet First Aid App.

The American Red Cross Pet First Aid App puts lifesaving information right in the hands of dog and cat owners so they can provide emergency care until veterinary assistance is available.

For more information on how you can help find a forever home visit Hallmark Channel’s Pet Project.

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"The Fairy Dogmother" Laura Nativo Teaches How To Camp With Your Dog

Laura's Full Camping Checklist:

Before you leave, jot down the phone # to the 24/7 animal hospital located nearest your campground. Cell phone service is often spotty at best in many small towns and the last thing you want is to be lost in the event your dog needs emergency medical care. Travel safely, with your dogs in a car seat or secured seatbelt harness. Bring lots of dog food to keep your dog full. Campfire BBQ leftovers are a wonderful treat, but please only feed your dog such delicacies in moderation! Remember to only share lean meats without bones or excess sauce and spices! Bring a ton of water from home… whatever your dog is used to. Nature's lakes and rivers are great to swim in, but you never know what's in the water and it could make your dog sick. With the summer heat, and all the fun activities you'll be doing, your dog is going to want far more water than usual. Bring your dog's favorite toys and include bully sticks or something else safe to chew on. Camping is fun, but exhausting sometimes and it's nice for dogs to have something mellow to do like chew on a bone while humans are relaxing around the campfire. Include dog-specific items in your first aid kit, like a tick key, snake bite kit, or poison absorbing first aid gel. Make sure your dog is healthy enough to brave the elements. It can be extra hot during the day, then extremely cold at night. If you're not sure, consult with your veterinarian. Depending on where you'll be camping, your vet may suggest a rattlesnake or lyme disease vaccination. Double check that your dog's tags are up-to-date and securely attached. You may want to consider bringing flexible glow sticks to attach to your dog's collar at night for extra visibility around your campsite. Be realistic about whether it's safe to let your dog off-leash. When camping, you'll have to be extra careful with bears, rattlesnakes, other dogs, and many more potentially dangerous elements. So if there is a doubt, there is no doubt. Only let your dog hike or hang out around your tent off-leash if you are 100% certain that your dog is ready for it! A light-weight portable crate or exercise pen is your dog's camping best friend. Regardless of how trained your dogs are, it's really nice to have a safe, quiet place for them to relax. My dogs chill in the crate while the humans are setting up camp. Then at night, they like to sleep in their crate, which is located inside of the humans' tent. Make sure you pack extra towels and blankets to keep your dog(s) comfy at night. If your dog is not reliable off-leash or you're at a campsite with a lot of other dogs, you'll want to bring a tie-out or exercise pen to keep your dog safe around your tent. And whether your dog is free or leashed, make sure that you have some type of portable shade, to protect your best friend from too much sunshine. If you plan on swimming with your dogs, be sure to bring a doggie life jacket with a handle. No matter how great of a swimmer your dog is, you just never know what may happen in the water, so be prepared. One time, Lucy jumped in to save my mom after her kayak tipped, only to end up getting caught in the river current. Thankfully, she had her life jacket on and mom was able to quickly swoop her up to safety! Sun block isn't just for humans! Please protect your dog's delicate nose and skin from the sun. I like using a sunblock stick for my dogs' noses and a spray for their bodies. You want to use at least SPF 15 and don't forget to re-apply often! Many companies make vegan, natural sunscreen specifically for pets, so try shopping at your local natural pet boutique! Definitely pack a comb and/or brush to remove stickers, fox tails, and check for fleas or ticks! You'll want to do this after every hike and before bedtime. If your dog isn't already on a monthly flea/tick program, you should consider a natural flea/tick spray before embarking on your adventure. Finally, a few non-essential dog accessories you may want to pack include a doggie backpack, paw protectors, or cooling jacket. You know your dog best, so make sure your dog is comfortable and ready for whatever nature has in store! Get more dog friendly tips from Laura Nativo at lauranativo.com and on Twitter @LauraNativo.

For more on the adorable doggies on today's show, visit "Strangest Angels Animal Rescue" at strangestangels.org.