What is PROPAGATION?
Propagation is simply the multiplication of a given plant species. Two types: Sexual
Propagation, which is growing plants from seed, and Asexual propagation: Multiplying or "cloning" plants by taking a portion or "cutting" of a larger plant (parent plant) and placing it in a favorable environment in which this portion / cutting can generate missing parts, i.e. the roots in order to form a whole new plant (daughter plant). It sounds somewhat scientific but it is actually quite easy and requires little technical skill, which is part of the reason that 80% of nursery grown plants are grown by propagation through cuttings rather than by seed growing. Another very significant reason we propagate by cuttings is to consistently produce a plant with the same favorable qualities or characteristics of a parent plant! Seed growing can be unpredictable, producing plants with undesirable results. Step One:
a) What part of the plant to cut.
b) When to take your cuttings.
c) Work sterile!
a) 4" to 5" sections, cutting above and below the node (at least 2 nodes).
b) Determine polarity (direction it was originally growing) make top cut angled to keep track of polarity.
c) Remove ½ to ⅔ rd of leaves from bottom half.
d) Remove any flowers (to encourage rooting auxins).
e) Dip cutting into rooting powder.
f) Place in soil.
g) Press or tamp around cutting.
a) Latin, common name
c) Plant Symbolism….FOR FUN!!
Step Seven - Maintenance, Care and Observations:
a) Mist daily.
b) Keep out of direct sun. Filtered bright light indoors.
c) Checking and determining roothold: tug test.
d) Hardening off…. acclimation: placement into permanent home